1. Which of the following documents is not required to be carried in an aircraft of an ICAO member state? a. Flight crew birth certificates. b. Certificate ofRegistration. c. CertificateofAirworthiness. d. Flight crewlicences. 2. The State of licence issue of a JAA PPL may be changed to a new member State providing: a. The new member State isthe licence holder's normal State of residence or that full-time employment has been taken by the licence holder in that State. b. The licence holder has resided in the new member State for at least 31 days. c. The licence holder intendsto follow a course ofstudy in the new member State lasting at least threemonths. d. The new member State has no reasonable groundsforrefusing to convert the licence. 3. No aircraft or personnel who have endorsed certificates or licences may participate in international navigation: a. Except with the permission of the State whose territory is entered. b. Under anycircumstances. c. Except when a general exemption has been awarded by any ICAO contracting state. d. Except when a general exemption has been awarded by the State in which the aircraft is registered or which issued the licence. 4. Which right is conferred on contracting states by Article 16 of the ICAO Convention? a. The right to search, without unreasonable delay, an aircraft from another contracting state landing on or departing from itssovereign territory. b. The right to search an aircraft from another contracting state landing on or departing from its sovereign territory if it is felt that the aircraft is carrying unlawful goods or persons being pursued in law. c. The right to search an aircraft from another contracting state landing on or departing from itssovereign territory, given due cause. d. The right to search, with the permission of the pilot in command, an aircraft from another contracting state landing on or departing from itssovereign territory. 5. The Rules of the Air applicable to an aircraft registered in one state flying over another state shall be: a. Those of the state whose airspace is entered and transited. b. Those of the state of the visiting aircraft. c. Those agreed by ICAO contracting states to apply in all contracting states. d. Those stipulated by JAA operational procedures. PPL (A) – Aviation law Latestinformation aboutthe examcan be found at www.tafa.aero 3 / 24 6. Which classes of medical certificate meet the requirement for a JAA PPL (А)? a. Class 1 or 2. b. Class A or B. c. Class 2 or 3. d. Class B orC. 7. Which body isresponsible for ensuring that an aircraft operating in a state'ssovereign airspace complies with the rules and regulations which prevail in that airspace? a. The state in whose sovereign airspace the aircraftis operating. b. The state which issued the current Certificate of Airworthinessfor the aircraft. c. The state in which the aircraft isregistered. d. The state which issued the licence held by the pilot of the aircraft. 8. What wasthe outcome of the Chicago Convention a. The Convention on International Civil Aviation. b. ICAO. c. PICAO. d. The 18 Annexesto the Chicago Convention. 9. A PPL holder is not permitted to: a. Carry fare paying passengers. b. Give flying instruction with an FI(A)rating. c. Tow a glider d. Dropparachutists. 10. Complete the following wording with one of the options at a), b), or below to give the most correct statement. A pilot in command of a flight during which an aircraft enters the sovereign airspace of a foreign state with the intention of landing: a. Must have ensured that all necessary and relevant documentation is carried on board the aircraft, including the Certificate of Airworthiness, that the aircraft is in an airworthy condition and that it is correctly registered. b. Must ensure before departure that his pilot's licence has been validated by the foreign state. c. Must be satisfied that the aircraft's Certificate of Airworthinessis current and that he holds a type rating for the aircraft. d. Must be satisfied that the aircraft's Certificate of Airworthinessis current, that he holds a type rating for the aircraft, and that he has passed an Air Law examination set by the foreign state. 11. The pilot in command of an aircraft which enters the sovereign airspace of another contracting state for the purpose of landing must: a. Hold a licence issued by the authority of the state in which the aircraft isregistered. b. Hold a licence issued by any ICAO contracting state. c. Hold a licence issued by any member state of the JAA. d. Hold any valid and current pilot'slicence. PPL (A) – Aviation law Latestinformation aboutthe examcan be found at www.tafa.aero 4 / 24 12. What isthe basic presumption about VFR flight? a. That the flight will be flown in Visual Meteorological Conditions. b. That the pilot holds the correct rating to allow the aeroplane to be flown in VFR. c. That the flight will only take place in class G airspace. d. That the flight will not take place above FL180. 13. When are navigation lightsrequired to be shown? a. From sunset to sunrise or when specified by the Authority. b. When moving on the manoeuvring area of an aerodrome. c. Whenever the pilot in command thinks it issensible to switch them on. d. At night or when specified by the authority. 14. When an aircraft isflying, under which flight rules must the flight be conducted? a. Either IFR orVFR. b. IFR in IMC and VFRin VMC. c. Atthe commander's discretion. d. In accordance with ATC instructions. 15. When may you fly over any congested area of a city,town or settlement at a height from which it would not be possible to land safely in the event of an emergency arising? a. Only when necessary for take-off and landing. b. Never. c. Only to keep clear of cloud and remain in visual contact with the ground. d. Only where the operator has given permission. 16. When two aircraft are converging at approximately the same level the one that has the other on its right isrequired to give way. True or false? a. True, provided they are in the same class. b. False. The one that has the other on its left hasright of way c. True, unless the other aircraft has a glider on tow. d. False, provided the other aircraft is not towing anything. 17. Which of a), b), c) and d), below, most correctly completes the following statement? When two or more aircraft are on final approach: a. The lower aircraft hasthe right of way unless ATC has already specified a landing order. b. The higher aircraft has the right of way. c. The lower aircraft hasthe right of way. d. The aircraft which hasthe least horizontal distance to run to the runway threshold has the right of way. 18. Except when taking off or landing, or under certain other defined circumstances, an aircraft may not fly closer than a), b), or to any person, vessel, vehicle or structure? a. 500 feet b. 1000 feet. c. 800 feet. d. 1500 feet. PPL (A) – Aviation law Latestinformation aboutthe examcan be found at www.tafa.aero 5 / 24 19. Two aircraft flying according to the Visual Flight Rules, one of which is receiving a Radar Information Service (RIS), are closing at an apparent constant relative bearing. There is, thus, a high risk of collision. The fact that one aircraft is receiving an RIS isimmaterial to the situation. The Rules of the Air apply. Therefore, the aircraft which has the other on its left has right of way and should maintain: a. Course andspeed. b. Height andspeed. c. Altitude andcourse. d. Altitude andspeed. 20. While flying at night, as the pilot in command, you see an anti-collision light and a steady red light at the same altitude, at a constant relative bearing of 050 degrees, there a risk of collision? And who has right ofway? a. Yes. The other aircraft does. b. Yes. You do. c. No. The other aircraft does. d. No. You do. 21. If a PPL holder who has no additional ratings, while receiving a Radar Advisory Service, receives instructionsto change heading, climb or descend,such that if the instructions are complied with the pilot will be unable to maintain Visual Meteorological Conditions, the pilotshould: a. Continue on the present heading, at the present altitude, and tell air traffic why he cannot comply. b. Comply with instructions, anyway, but go onto instruments early. c. Continue on present heading and at present altitude,say nothing, and wait for the controller's nextinstruction. d. Comply as closely as he can with the controller's instructions but on no account go into InstrumentMeteorologicalConditions. 22. A Control Area (CTA) established at the confluence of ATS routesin the vicinity of one or more major aerodromes is knownas: a. A Terminal Control Area (TMA). b. An Airway. c. A Control Zone(CTR). d. An Aerodrome Traffic Zone (ATZ). 23. What isthe international Aeronautical VHF Distress Frequency? a. 121.50MHz b. 123.45MHz c. 243.00 MHz d. 406.00MHz 24. How often are Aeronautical Information Circulars published? a. Monthly b. Weekly c. Yearly. d. Quarterly. PPL (A) – Aviation law Latestinformation aboutthe examcan be found at www.tafa.aero 6 / 24 25. If a PPL holder receives a Special VFR clearance to enter a controlzone (CTR) but, before entering the CTR, finds that he can no longer receive or transmit RT messages, he must: a. Remain clear of theCTR. b. Carry on into the CTR via the assigned Visual Reference Point complying with the last clearancereceived. c. Carry on into the CTR and await light signalsfor clearance to land. d. Carry on into the CTR, complying with the last clearance received while transmitting blind. 26. What SSR squawk should be set in an emergency? a. 7700 b. 7777 c. 7000 d. 7600 27. If an aircraft marshaller holds his right arm down and repeatedly moves his left arm upward and backward itmeans: a. Turn left. b. Turn right. c. Keep movingahead. d. Start your leftengine. 28. What is the meaning of a steady green light from ATC to an aircraft in the air? a. Clear to land. b. Return to this airfield and await landing clearance. c. Landimmediately. d. You have priority toland. 29. What colour are paved taxiway markings? a. Yellow. b. Red. c. Green. d. White. 30. What color are runway markings? a. White. b. Red. c. Green. d. Yellow. 31. You are on final approach and you see a steady red light from ATC. This means: a. Do not land. Continue circling. b. Continue approach and await a green light c. Do not land. Airfield closed. d. Do not land. Divert to your alternate airfield. PPL (A) – Aviation law Latestinformation aboutthe examcan be found at www.tafa.aero 7 / 24 32. What word is used to describe the vertical position of an aircraft measured above mean sea level, when QNH isset on the altimeter subscale? a. Altitude. b. Elevation. c. Height d. Flight Level. 33. What action should a pilot take if he suffers radio communications failure during a VFR flight in VMC? a. Continue to fly in VMC, land at the nearest suitable aerodrome and report his arrival to his destinationairfield. b. Continue to his destination, transmitting blind and attempting to avoid IMC. c. Fly to the nearest aerodrome, orbit on the dead side of the circuit and await a steady green from the controltower. d. Carry out the radio failure procedure in the RAF Flight Information Handbook and await the arrival of a Shepherd aircraft. 34. Which of the following flight levels would be suitable for an aircraft flying in accordance with the quadrantal rule and maintaining a magnetic track of 146 degrees? a. FL75. b. FL50. c. FL85. d. FL70. 35. A pilot intending to land at a civil aerodrome should initiate his descent to below transition level with the altimetersubscale set to: a. AerodromeQNH. b. AerodromeQFE. c. RegionalQNH. d. 101Millibars. 36. A light aircraft istaking off behind a Heavy or Medium category aircraft. What period ofseparation isrequired? a. 2 minutes. b. 4 minutes. c. 3 minutes. d. 5 minutes. 37. What isthe definition of "transition level“? a. The lowest available Flight Level above the transition altitude. b. The Flight Level below which the vertical position of an aircraft is expressed as "height". c. The transition altitude expressed as a Flight Level. d. The Flight Level at or above which the vertical position of an aircraft is expressed as "altitude". PPL (A) – Aviation law Latestinformation aboutthe examcan be found at www.tafa.aero 8 / 24 38. An aeroplane has a maximum take-off mass of 136,000 kg. What is its wake turbulence category? a. Heavy. b. Medium. c. A wide bodied aeroplane would be Heavy; a narrow bodied would be Medium. d. It depends on the actual take-off mass not the maximum take-off mass. 39. What word is used to describe the vertical position of an aircraft measured above an airfield datum level, when QFE isset on the altimeter subscale? a. Height b. Elevation. c. Altitude. d. Flight Level. 40. A PPL pilot who isflying in accordance with SVFR must have the following minima: a. A minimum visibility of 10 kms or more and remain clear of cloud and in sight of the surface. b. A minimum visibility of 10 kms or more and remain clear of cloud. c. A minimum visibility of 5 kms or more and remain clear of cloud and in sight of the surface. d. A minimum visibility of 10 kms or more and remain in sight of the surface. 41. Who isresponsible for the issue of a Certificate of Airworthiness? a. The authority of the state of registration. b. The JAA. c. ICAO. d. The operator. 42. Which of the following normally defines'runway in use' on an uncontrolled airfield? a. A runway intowind. b. A part of the maneuvering area defined for take off and landing. c. The most convenient runway to use for the aircraft operating from the aerodrome. d. The defined take off and landing portion of an aerodrome. 43. Who may notsuspend VFR operations at an aerodrome on safety grounds a. The ApproachController. b. The duty Aerodrome Controller. c. The local Area Control Centre (ACC). d. The appropriate ATS authority. 44. Where the Certificate of Registration must for an aircraft is kept while the aircraft isflying? a. In the aircraft. b. In the registered office of the owner. c. By the authority of the State of registration. d. On the ground at the point of departure. PPL (A) – Aviation law Latestinformation aboutthe examcan be found at www.tafa.aero 9 / 24 45. Flying hours to be credited for a licence or rating must have been flown: a. In the same type or category of aircraft as that for which the licence or rating is being sought. b. In the same performance group of aircraft as that for which the licence or rating is being sought. c. In the same or higher performance group of aircraft as that for which the licence or rating is being sought. d. In the same make and type of aircraft asthat for which the licence or rating is being sought. 46. The holder of a JAA PPL(A) who wishes to carry passengers must have made a minimum of take-offs and landings within the preceding: a. 90 days. b. 29 days. c. 31 days. d. 60 days. 47. If the holder of a pilot's licence learns that he isto undergo surgery, what are his obligations in terms of informing the aviation medical authority? a. He should contact his aviation medical authority without delay and seek their advice on his circumstances. b. There is no requirement to do so provided the pilot does not fly again as pilot in command until after the surgical operation. c. He should advise the medical authority of the circumstances only if he is due to receive a generalanesthetic. d. He has no obligations to tell anyone asthis is a private matter. 48. How long is a JAA PPL (A) issued for? a. 5 years. b. 3 years. c. 10 years. d. 8 years. 49. The skills test for a JAA PPL (A) must be taken within of completing flying instruction. a. 6 months. b. One year. c. 4 months. d. 3 months. 50. Application for the grant of a JAA PPL (A) licence must be made within completingthe theoretical knowledgeexaminations. a. 24. b. 12. c. 36. d. 18. PPL (A) – Aviation law Latestinformation aboutthe examcan be found at www.tafa.aero 10 / 24 51. A pilot's licence issued by one JAA member State may be converted to a licence of any other JAA member State (the new member State), provided that: a. The new member State isthe licence holder's normal State of residence or that full-time employment has been taken by the licence holder in that State. b. The licence holder has resided in the new member State for at least 31 days. c. The licence holder intendsto follow a course ofstudy in the new member State lasting at least threemonths. d. The new member State has no reasonable groundsforrefusing to convert the licence. 52. There are three conditionsthat a holder of a JAA PPL (A) must fulfill before he/she may act as pilot in command, or as a co-pilot. Which of the following is not a requirement? a. Holds an Instrument Rating. b. Holds a Type or Classrating pertinent to the aircraft to be flown. c. Holds a valid medical certificate. d. Is not flying for remuneration. 53. Who isresponsible for ensuring that all relevant aircraft documentation is carried on an internationalflight? a. The pilot incommand. b. The organisation hiring out the aircraft. c. The air traffic organisation to whom the flight plan issubmitted. d. The flying supervisor at the airfield of departure. 54. The departure and arrival time entered by a PPL holder in his flying log book istaken as follows: a. The time the aircraft begins to move under its own power and the time it comes to rest following thelast b. The time of the first take-off and the time of the last landing of the sortie. c. The time of engine start and the time of engine shut-down. d. The time the aircraft entersthe active runway forthe first take-off and the time it vacates the runway after the last landing. 55. How long is an Instrument Rating valid for? a. 12 months. b. 6 months. c. 18 months. d. The IR is valid provided regularskill tests are completed at intervals dictated by the authority. 56. If a pilot holding a medical certificate issued under the authority of JAR-FCL receives an injury or is suffering from a medical condition which affects his ability to act asthe crew member of an aircraft: a. The medical certificate ceasesto be valid. b. The medical certificate will be suspended after 25 days following the date of the injury or onset of the illness unlessthe pilot has again been declared fit. c. The medical certificate will be suspended if the illness or injury has been reported to the authority. d. The medical certificate will remain valid. PPL (A) – Aviation law Latestinformation aboutthe examcan be found at www.tafa.aero 11 / 24 57. The privileges of the IMC rating: a. May be exercised in the sovereign airspace of the State issuing the rating. The exercise of the privileges in the airspace of another JAA memberstate issubject to the prior agreement of thatstate. b. Entitle the holder to fly in controlled airspace worldwide. c. May only be exercised in the sovereign airspace ofthe State issuing the rating. d. May be exercised in the sovereign airspace of any JAA member state without prior agreement. 58. Which of the following ratings on a JAA PPL (A) precludes the requirement for a separate Night Rating to be held by a private pilot who wishes to fly as PIC at night? a. InstrumentRating. b. IMC Rating. c. Full InstructorRating. d. Assistant InstructorRating. 59. An applicant for a Private Pilot Licence must be atleast a. 17 years old. b. 15 years old. c. 16 years old. d. 18 years old. 60. When should the student pilot present his Pilot Medical Certificate? a. Before hisfirstsolo flight. b. Before the beginning oftheoretical lessons. c. Before the beginning of a practical training. d. At giving in the exam's application. 61. What Medical Certificate isrequired for a holder of a Private Pilot Licence? a. Class 1 or Class 2 Medical Certificate. b. Class 1 Medical Certificate only. c. Class A or Class B Medical Certificate 62. What Medical Certificate isrequired for a student pilot? a. Class 1 or Class 2 Medical Certificate. b. Class 1 Medical Certificate only. c. Class A or Class B Medical Certificate. 63. At least how many hours of dual instructions on aeroplane must have an applicant for a PPL (A)? a. 25 hours. b. 10 hours. c. 15 hours. d. 20 hours. PPL (A) – Aviation law Latestinformation aboutthe examcan be found at www.tafa.aero 12 / 24 64. How many hours of total flying hours, required forthe practical skill test for an issue of a Private Pilot Licence, may be completed on a Flight & Navigation Procedures Trainer or Simulator? a. 5. b. 7. c. 10. d. 15. 65. At least how long must be the cross-country flight,required for the eligibility for the Private Pilot Licence skill test, and how many full stop landings at different aerodromes shall be made at this flight? a. 150 NM; 2landings. b. 100 NM; 2landings. c. 200 NM;landings. d. 250 NM;landings. 66. At least how many hours of flying experience as a pilot of airplanes must have an applicant for a Private Pilot Licence? a. 45 hours. b. 50 hours. c. 40 hours. d. 35 hours. 67. What doesthe term "solo flight time" mean? a. Solo flight time of a student-pilot. b. Entire flight time when a pilot is alone in the aircraft. c. Entire flight time, when a pilot is alone in the aircraft, and 50% of the co-pilot flight time. d. Flighttime as a pilot-in-command. 68. To act as pilot in command of an airplane carrying passengers, the holder of PPL(A) must have made at least three takeoffs and three landingsin an airplane of the same class, and if a type rating is required, of the same type, within the preceding a. 90 days. b. 12 calendarmonths. c. 24 calendarmonths. 69. The three takeoffs and landings during the last 90 days that are required to act as pilot of an airplane carrying passengers at night must be done during the time period from the end of evening civil twilight to the beginning of morning civil twilight. a. Sunset tosunrise. b. 1 hour after sunset to 1 hour before sunrise. c. The end of evening civil twilight to the beginning of morning civil twilight PPL (A) – Aviation law Latestinformation aboutthe examcan be found at www.tafa.aero 13 / 24 70. The Flight Time is the total time from the moment a. Than an aircraft first moves under its own or external power for the purpose of taking off until the moment it comes to rest at the end of the flight. b. Than an aircraft starts its engine(s) for the purpose of taking off or when a non-powered aircraft first moves, until the moment engine(s)stop(s) operating or when a non-powered c. Aircraft comesto rest at the end of the flight. d. Than an aircraft becomes completely airborne untilthe moment it finally touchesthe ground atlanding. 71. Flight time during which the flight instructor will only observe the student acting as pilot-incommand and shall not influence or control the flight of the aircraft is a. Flighttime asstudent pilot-in-command (SPIC). b. Solo flight time undersupervision. c. Flighttime as pilot-in-command. d. Solo flighttime. 72. Which aircraft, and under which conditions, may a holder of a private pilot licence fly, provided he is properly endorsed? a. All airplanes without exceptions provided no payment or refund is done forsuch flight. b. All airplanes without exceptions provided no payment or refund is given to the pilot. c. Allsingle-engined airplanes provided no payment orrefund is done forsuch flight. d. All airplanes up to the maximum takeoff mass 1,500 kg, provided no payment or refund is given to thepilot. 73. As a substitute for the proficiency check with an examiner, what minimum flight time and what number of takeoffs and landing is required for the revalidation of a single pilot single engine airplane classrating? a. 12 hours of flight time within 12 months preceding the expiry of the rating, including 6 hours of pilot-in-command time, and 12 takeoffs and 12 landings. b. 12 hours of flight time within 12 months preceding the expiry of the rating, including 5 hours of pilot-in-command time, and takeoffs and landings. c. 10 hours of flight time within 12 months preceding the expiry of the rating, including 6 hours of pilot-in-command time, and 12 takeoffs and 12 landings. 74. How long is the period before the expiry date of a single pilot single engine rating, during which a proficiency check for a revalidation may be done? a. 3 months. b. 15 days. c. 1 month. d. 2 months. 75. To act as pilot-in-command of an aircraft carrying passengers, the private licence holder must have three takeoffs and landings within the preceding 90 days as the sole manipulator of the controls in an airplane thesame a. Type or class. b. Make andmodel. c. Class, but not thetype. PPL (A) – Aviation law Latestinformation aboutthe examcan be found at www.tafa.aero 14 / 24 76. With the respect to the certification of airmen, which is a class of aircraft? a. Single engine land and sea, multiengine land and sea. b. Airplane,rotorcraft, glider, lighter-than-air. c. Lighter-than-air, airship, hot air balloon, gas balloon. 77. With the respect to the certification of airmen, which is a category of aircraft? a. Airplane,rotorcraft, glider, lighter-than-air. b. Gyroplane, helicopter, airship, free balloon. c. Single engine land and sea, multiengine land and sea. 78. The pilot or student pilot, when becoming aware of hospital admission of more than 12 hours, surgical operation or invasive procedure, the regular use of medication, the regular use of correcting lenses, a. Must not fly untilseeks the advice of the competent aviation doctor. b. Must pass the aviation medical exam again. c. Must inform the CAA within the period of 21 days